What is Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADD)?

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a developmental disorder where children display an inability to pay attention and focus, are highly distracted, can act impulsively and in more then half of all cases, show signs of hyperactivity. Whilst these behaviours are often seen in many children, prolonged displays of these symptoms can have a major impact on a childs’ life and their transition into adulthood.

There are 3 established sub-types of ADHD:

  • Inattentive behaviour (problems of attention, learning and executive control)

  • Hyperactive-impulsive behaviour (hyperactivity, impulsive, poor self control)

  • A combination of the above

Signs

The following symptoms are common indicators of ADHD in children:

  • Difficulty keeping attention on work or play activities at school and at home

  • Easily distracted

  • Losing or forgetting possessions

  • Avoids or dislikes activities that require sitting still or a sustained effort

  • Has trouble with tasks that require planning ahead

  • Difficulty following directions

Treatment

ADHD has caused concern amongst experts due to over-diagnoses and an increased reliance on medication as a form of treatment. It is important to consult a qualified mental health practioner to explore psychological and behaviour therapies, positive parenting techniques and medicative options if required. The right treatment plan, including support from parents, schools and health professionals, can help children with ADHD to improve their attention and behaviour. Many children with ADHD learn to overcome these obstacles and lead fulfilling lives.

 

Sources

ADHD In Children – Health Direct
ADHD: An Overview – Royal Children’s Hospital
ADHD – Australian Psychological Society

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